Virtually any website can become the target of a hack. From little known blogs to robust eCommerce sites, cyber-vandals are always looking for easy prey. To top it all off, private information may not be the only thing that hackers are looking for. In fact, a large portion of website compromises are nothing more than vandalizing the pages. The following are some of the most common reasons why your website could become the next target. You’ll also learn how you can protect your website from hackers by reducing or eliminating exploits.
What Are the 7 Most Common Reasons Resulting in a Hack?
1. Personal Computer Security
When a personal computer is hacked, the attack could include stealing saved information for websites and logins. This gives the criminal element access to online resources using your own credentials. These hacks can come from compromised websites, infected software or through bots scanning various IP addresses looking for weaknesses.
2. Third-Party Access
Many websites utilize plugins, widgets and other integrated components. Unfortunately, these can lead to compromises of your website. In many cases, developers of these additions will update their software on a regular basis to prevent hackers from using discovered exploits. However, this isn’t always the case as some developers simply give up on a project. Content management systems, such as Joomla and Drupal, can easily be targeted in such a fashion as plugins and widgets are a primary source for design and content.
3. Application Vulnerabilities
Some of the most popular platforms can be targets for hackers through vulnerable exploits. However, primary developers of systems like WordPress and Joomla are often quick to respond to such threats. According to statistics, one-quarter of all websites in 2014 utilized WordPress as its developing platform. Should a compromise be detected, it could cause havoc across millions of blogs.
4. Indirect Server Hacks
A direct assault on your website isn’t the only way the criminal element can gain access to its pages. Many sites are hosted on what’s called a “shared” server. This means that all accounts are utilizing the same drives, CPUs and memory to host everything from blogs to eCommerce. If any one of those other websites are compromised, it could lead to hackers accessing your data indirectly. Even a hack aimed specifically at the hosting company can put the information at risk.
5. Responding to Phishing Email
Phishing emails are one of the Internet’s constant reminders of why cyber laws need to be enforced. These messages are designed with the purpose of duping you out of your user credentials for various websites. Sometimes, the hacker will take the effort into creating an email that looks legitimate asking for passwords or providing links to “log in” to your account. In many cases, these links lead to hacked websites that are hosting a false page in order to obtain your information.
6. Outdated Scripts
Scripts are often used to develop a website to control everything from graphics to databases. They are also a common element for hackers to gain control of the website itself. When a script is detected as having an exploit, developers will create updates in order to prevent cyber attacks. Even installation scripts for web-based applications, plugins and add-ons can open the doors to hackers.
7. Lack of Proper Website Security
According to Symantec, online hacks cost medium-sized businesses and smaller more than $188,000 each year on average. More than 60 percent of these companies had to close down because they were unable to survive the financial damages. Many of these organizations may be still operating today if they had proper security systems in place to prevent those cyber attacks.
Keeping the Site Protected
While it may seem overwhelming to protect your website from hackers, there are ways you can greatly reduce the risks. A large portion of attacks are focusing on easy targets and will often skip sites that demonstrate resilience. Unless the attack is aimed at a specific organization, such as the Sony Hacks of 2014, hackers usually keep looking for easy-to-access exploits.
Ways to Reduce the Risks to the Website
- Always Keep Your Firewalls and Antiviral Applications Updated: By protecting your own computer system, you can eliminate some of the threat to your website. Even the simplest of malware attacks can lead to severe complications.
- Use Current Versions of Integrated Software: If a version of an app, plugin or widget hasn’t been updated in more than a year, it may be better to look for an alternative. Older versions of these may be riddled with exploits.
- Use Current Versions of CMS Software: Older versions of CMS apps such as Joomla may contain access points for hackers. Other systems, such as WordPress, can be set for automatic updates.
- Use Hosting Companies That Routinely Update Security: Most major web-hosting companies offer exceptional security precautions. Make sure your hosting provider uses the latest in antiviral, database and programming language support.
- Never Interact Directly With Unsolicited Email: Links within emails may lead you to corrupted sites. Always manually type in addresses into your browser to reduce the risk of exposure. Remember, most legitimate companies will never ask you for your credentials through an email.
- Always Update Your Scripts and Remove Installation Files: If you’re using third-party scripts, make sure you’re using the most current versions. After installing any addition to the site, delete the files.
- Never Underestimate Your Site’s Importance to Hackers: It only takes a moment for a hacker to gain control of an unprotected site for a variety of nefarious purposes. Don’t assume that because your site isn’t as popular as Google that you’re safe from a hacking attempt.
- Utilize Antiviral Applications Regularly On Your Site: From online website scanning to WordPress security plugins, there is a long list of ways you can stop hackers from using your digital real estate. The expense of this security is far more preferable to the damage that can be done by a hacker.
Although hackers are constantly looking for their next victims, there are many other developers out there working to thwart their efforts. Do what you can to protect your website from hackers, and keep your confidential data from prying eyes. A single hack can do a great deal of financial damage to yourself or your business.